Five places named Segedunum are known to have existed in the Roman empire, one each in Britain and Germany and three in Gaul. It is the most excavated fort along the Wall with surviving foundations of many buildings and part of the Wall itself. The result was Hadrian's Wall, a 73 mile barrier stretching from the River Tyne in the east to the Solway Firth in the west. Sometime round about 400AD the fort was abandoned.
In 1929 some excavations were carried out which recorded the outline of the fort. The wall joined to the west wall of the fort just south of the west gate.
Heritage Sites > North Tyneside Council provided accommodation in the newly built Battle Hill Estate for the owners of all the houses demolished when the site was cleared. It is located in modern-day Wallsend , which derives its name from the wall. Both units were 600 strong. The central section of Hadrian's Wall was erected atop the Whin Sill, a geological formation that offers a natural topographic defence against invaders or immigrants from the north. The fort measured from north to south and from east to west, covering an area of . There may have been a statue or monument to mark the very end of the wall, but if there ever was, it no longer exists. Today, Segedunum is once again a major site on Hadrian's Wall. A section of Hadrian's Wall was excavated and a reconstruction built in the early 1990s. The local authority marked out this outline in white paving stones. Timeline. The 35 metre high viewing tower provides outstanding views across this World Heritage Site. The Roman wall originally terminated at Pons Aelius (Newcastle upon Tyne). Five places named Segedunum are known to have existed in the Roman empire, one each in Britain and Germany and three in Gaul. However at the eastern end of the wall, the main topographic defence was the River Tyne itself, and the very final stretch of the wall ran down from Segedunum fort to the river's edge. 120 cavalry and 480 infantry . It was in use as a garrison for approximately 300 years, almost up to 400AD. Segedunum was a Roman fort at modern-day Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, England, UK. A wide ditch and an earth embankment surrounded the fort on all sides. It was in use as a garrison for approximately 300 years, almost up to 400AD. There is a large interactive museum plus full-scale reconstructions of a bath house (currently viewed externally only) and a section of Wall. The original garrison of Segedunum is unknown, but in the 2nd century the Second Cohort of Nervians was stationed there. The various conjectures include "derived from the Celtic for 'powerful' or 'victorious'", "derived from the [Celtic] words sego ('strength') and dunum ('fortified place')", "Romano-British Segedunum 'Strong-fort'", and "Celtic sechdun or 'dry hill'". In AD122 the Emperor Hadrian ordered a mighty frontier system to be built across Britain to defend the Roman Empire from the barbarians to the North. In the 1970s the terraced houses covering the site were demolished.
For centuries the area remained as open farmland, but in the 18th century, collieries were sunk near the fort and the area gradually became a populous pit village. The name Wallsend comes from Segedunum being at the easternmost end of Hadrian's Wall; the westernmost end is at Bowness-on-Solway. Segedunum was a Roman fort at modern-day Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, England, UK. The Segedunum project began in January 1997 with a series of excavations in and around the Fort, as well as the construction of the bath house and the conversion of former Swan Hunter shipyard buildings to house the new museum. A four-mile section of the wall east from the fort of Pons Aelius, passing through present-day Byker and ending at the new fort of Segedunum was built. Eventually, in 1884, the whole fort disappeared under terraced housing. Segedunum was a Roman fort built at the eastern end of Hadrian's Wall near the banks of the River Tyne. Today, Segedunum is the most thoroughly excavated fort along Hadrian's Wall, and is operated as Segedunum Roman Fort, Baths and Museum. Museums, Archives, Galleries and Collections, Historic Buildings and Monuments in North Tyneside, Create It stood for almost 300 years as a symbol of Roman rule and a bastion against barbarian attack. Thus Segedunum probably had the meaning of "strong fort" or "victory fort". The garrison at Segedunum was used by the Romans for around 300 years, almost up to 400AD. The name Segedunum is known from the Notitia Dignitatum of the 4th century, but there is no consensus on its meaning. Managed by Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums on behalf of North Tyneside Council, Illustration of how Segedunum would have looked. Segedunum Roman Fort, Baths & Museum opened to the public in June 2000. It had four double gates with the east, west and north gates opening outside the wall and only the south gate opening within the wall. From the southeast angle of the fort, a wide wall ran down to the riverbank and extended at least as far as the low water level. The first element of the name is attested widely in Gaul, Spain, Germany and Italy, and derives from the Indo-European root segh-, which is reflected in various later European languages with similar meanings: Irish seg-, segh- 'strength, vigour', Welsh hy 'daring, bold', German Sieg 'victory', and so on. Today, Segedunum is once again a major site on Hadrian's Wall. A museum contains items of interest that were found when the site was excavated, and a large observation tower overlooks the site. A portion of the original wall is visible across the street from the museum, and a reconstruction of what the whole wall might have looked like. Segedunum, which means ‘Strong Fort’, was built to guard the eastern end of the Wall, and housed 600 Roman soldiers. Unlike the rest of the wall, the extension had no vallum. There is evidence that there was an extensive vicus, or village surrounding the fort, including the area to the north of the wall. It was in use as a garrison for approximately 300 years, from around 122 AD, a Segedunum. In the 3rd and 4th centuries the part-mounted Fourth Cohort of the Lingones occupied the fort, as recorded in the Notitia Dignitatum. The fort lay at the eastern end of Hadrian's Wall (in Wallsend) near the banks of the River Tyne, forming the easternmost portion of the wall. The new section of wall was narrower than the sections previously built, being on a foundation of . The fort lay at the eastern end of Hadrian's Wall (in Wallsend) near the banks of the River Tyne, forming the eastern-most portion of the wall. Subsequently, in about 127AD, the wall was extended further east, possibly to protect the river crossing at Pons Aelius. Work began at Pons Aelius in 122AD and proceeded towards the west.
Topics > Segedunum, which means ‘Strong Fort’, was built to guard the eastern end of the Wall, and housed 600 Roman soldiers. It stood for almost 300 years as a symbol of Roman rule and a bastion against barbarian attack.
The second element, -dunum, is a Celtic term widely attested across Britain and Gaul and typically meant a fort. As applied to place names, it appears to have had the meaning of "place of strength" or "place of victory". Segedunum was a Roman fort at modern-day Wallsend, Tyne and Wear, England, UK. The site of the fort now contains the excavated remains of the buildings' foundation of the original fort, as well as a reconstructed Roman military bathhouse based on excavated examples at Vindolanda and Chesters forts. The fort lay at the eastern end of Hadrian's Wall (in Wallsend) near the banks of the River Tyne, forming the easternmost portion of the wall.