[20] Some of these finds have been linked with the Aterian and Mousterian tool cultures of the Middle Paleolithic period, which flourished in northern Africa circa 90,000 BC-20,000 BC. [64] The 1960s were largely peaceful, and saw a large expansion of the education system and some limited economic development and industrialisation. Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter. Map of Niger and travel information about Niger brought to you by Lonely Planet. Octave Meynier eventually took over the mission following a mutiny in which Voulet and Chanoine were killed. [110], A small center of followers of Salafi movement within Sunni Islam have appeared in the last thirty years, in the capital and in Maradi. The West African giraffe is currently not found in the W National Park, but further north in Niger, where it has its last relict population. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi), making it the largest country in West Africa. 2544x1948 / 1,93 Mb Go to Map. Autrepart no 27 (2003), pp. [54][20][55] They gradually adopted Islam from the 14th century, though often this existed alongside traditional religions, developing into unique syncretic forms; some Hausa groups, such as the Azna, resisted Islam altogether (the area of Dogondoutchi remains an animist stronghold to this day). Coordinates: 16°N 8°E / 16°N 8°E / 16; 8. The military took over the country and President Tandja was put in prison, charged with corruption. Browse Videos. Wanké then withdrew from governmental affairs.[39]. [118] Divorce and polygyny are unremarkable, women are not secluded, and head coverings are not mandatory—they are often a rarity in urban areas. [20] Formerly a small trading post inhabited by a mixture of Hausa and Tuaregs, the sultanate grew rich due to its strategic position on the Trans-Saharan trade routes. Three of them—the Anfani Group, Sarounia and Tenere—are urban-based commercial-format FM networks in the major towns. [20][39] The borders of Niger were drawn up in various stages and had been fixed at their current position by the late 1930s. Cookies help us deliver our services. Aside from Nigerien radio stations, the BBC's Hausa service is listened to on FM repeaters across wide parts of the country, particularly in the south, close to the border with Nigeria. These are the Lake Chad, Gulf of Guinea, and Niger-Benue basin. [83] Issoufou's time in office has been marked by numerous threats to the country's security, stemming from the fallout from the Libyan Civil War and Northern Mali conflict, a rise in attacks by AQIM, the use of Niger as a transit country for migrants (often organised by criminal gangs), and the spillover of Nigeria's Boko Haram insurgency into south-eastern Niger. The Voulet-Chanoine Mission was marred by numerous atrocities, and became notorious for pillaging, looting, raping and killing many local civilians on its passage throughout southern Niger. [39] When Europeans began exploring the region in the 19th century much of Agadez lay in ruins, and it was taken over, though with difficulty, by the French (see below). 2000x1589 / 381 Kb Go to Map. At the same time the plurality of the population, in the Hausa borderlands between Birni-N'Konni and Maine-Soroa, have often looked culturally more to Hausaland in Nigeria than Niamey. See 2009 Nigerien constitutional crisis. Dams constructed on the Niger River in the neighboring countries of Mali and Guinea and also within Niger itself are also cited as a reason for a reduction of water flow in the Niger River—which has a direct effect upon the environment. The U.S. also is a major partner in policy coordination in such areas as food security and HIV/AIDS. Despite this, Niger maintains a tradition as a secular state, protected by law.

Maps, Navigation, Street directions and Useful app your trips in Mexico, Maps, Navigation, Street directions and Useful app your trips in Cuba, Maps, Navigation, Street directions and Useful app your trips in Texas USA, Maps, Navigation, Street directions and Useful app your trips in Syria, Maps, Navigation, Street directions and Useful app your trips in Zagreb. Following the Overseas Reform Act (Loi Cadre) of 23 July 1956 and the establishment of the Fifth French Republic on 4 December 1958, Niger became an autonomous state within the French Community. Richard Gray, J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, eds. [46][54] During the later 18th century many Fulani were unhappy with the syncretic form of Islam practised there; exploiting also the populace's disdain with corruption amongst the Hausa elite, the Fulani scholar Usman Dan Fodio (from Gobir) declared a jihad in 1804. [73][74], Maj. Daouda Malam Wanké then took over, establishing a transitional National Reconciliation Council to oversee the drafting of a constitution with a French-style semi-presidential system.

Niger is also a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA).[98]. Niger is divided into 7 Regions and one capital district. Religious freedom is protected by Article 30 of the same constitution. [20] Tuareg resistance continued however, culminating in the Kaocen revolt of 1916–17, led by Ag Mohammed Wau Teguidda Kaocen, with backing from the Senussi in Fezzan; the revolt was violently suppressed and Kaocen fled to Fezzan, where he was later killed. On 24 July 2004, the first municipal elections in the history of Niger were held to elect local representatives, previously appointed by the government. On 26 May 2009, President Tandja dissolved parliament after the country's constitutional court ruled against plans to hold a referendum on whether to allow him a third term in office. The justice system also includes civil criminal courts, customary courts, traditional mediation, and a military court.

As of 2006[update] there were 265 communes, including communes urbaines (Urban Communes: as subdivisions of major cities), communes rurales (Rural Communes), in sparsely populated areas and postes administratifs (Administrative Posts) for largely uninhabited desert areas or military zones. [39], Saibou significantly curtailed the most repressive aspects of the Kountché era (such as the secret police and media censorship), and set about introducing a process of political reform under the overall direction of a single party (the Mouvement National pour la Société du Développement, or MNSD). [39] A puppet sultan was set up by the French and the decline and marginalisation of the north of the colony continued, exacerbated by a series of droughts. The majority of Muslims in Niger are Sunni, 7% are Shi'a, 5% are Ahmadiyya and 20% non-denominational. Other wildlife includes elephants, buffaloes, roan antelopes, kob antelopes and warthogs. [111][112] Islam was spread into what is now Niger beginning in the 15th century, by both the expansion of the Songhai Empire in the west, and the influence of the Trans-Saharan trade traveling from the Maghreb and Egypt.

Maps include information, Maps view mode, satellite view or even street view in Niger States. This makes it slightly less than twice the size of France, and the world's twenty-second largest country.[86].