In 2009, there were 204,696 juvenile arrests in California.1 Juvenile charges were filed in about half of those cases.

(20) Manufacturing, compounding, or selling one-half ounce or more of a salt or solution of a controlled substance specified in subdivision (e) of Section 11055 of the Health and Safety Code. If removal of a minor is determined by the juvenile court to be necessary, reunification of the minor with his or her family shall be a primary objective.

This article deals with juvenile delinquency court. The minor’s probation shall include the conditions required in Section 729.2 except in any case in which the court makes a finding and states on the record its reasons that any of those conditions would be inappropriate. R. Ct. 5.766(a). In the discretion of the court, a ward may be ordered to be on probation without supervision of the probation officer. The minor never admits any allegations of wrongdoing and the charges are dismissed upon successful completion of the program. (3) With a foster family agency to be placed in a suitable licensed foster family home or certified family home which has been certified by the agency as meeting licensing standards….

(2) A suitable licensed community care facility. (29) The offense described in Section 18745 of the Penal Code.

The primary role of the Juvenile Court is to ensure public safety and to protect each youth under its jurisdiction. Juvenile Court Rules.

The right to counsel specifically includes: If the youth or their parent or guardian would like counsel but cannot afford it, the court may appoint counsel. Under California law, prior to SB 439, the juvenile court had jurisdiction over all children under the age of 18.

Under our Constitution, the condition of being a boy does not justify a kangaroo court.”. Penal Code § 987.2(a)(3). Juvenile court proceedings are generally confidential. The Integrated Behavior Treatment Model constitutes the framework for DJJ’s programs. Code §§ 625-641, and 657. Make sure you talk to a lawyer if your child has been arrested. Google™ Translate is a free online language translation service that can translate text and web pages into different languages. & Inst. But county-level providers have come under scrutiny just like CYA. Juvenile guilty of crime: What can the judge do? Code § 607(g)(2); If a youth is committed to a state hospital or public/private mental health facility for certain offenses, the court may retain jurisdiction until the youth’s 25th birthday, unless the court that committed that person finds that his or her sanity has been restored. In an effort to “adjust the situation which brings the minor within the jurisdiction of the court or creates the probability that the minor will soon be within that jurisdiction,” the probation officer will develop a plan for the minor that can last no longer than six months. The minor has been found to have committed a criminal offense or a probation violation, and the judge decides what disciplinary measures will be imposed.

You have the right to get a copy of the petition. They were so pleasant and knowledgeable when I contacted them. NJDC has not yet conducted an assessment of the juvenile indigent defense system in California. This section provides only basic information about the juvenile court process. The probation department files this petition. It says what the state thinks your child did. (4) Rape with force, violence, or threat of great bodily harm. Status violation and delinquency proceedings, Cal. It does not mean your child is guilty. Current California law permits youths who are under the supervision of the juvenile court to remain in their status as wards or dependent children up to age 21. Waiver to adult court. In California: Despite the existence of juvenile courts, many youth are still tried as adults. Cal.

The minor can be “sanctioned” for impermissible conduct but the sanctions are designed for discipline and not retribution.6. When counseling or other treatment services are ordered for the minor, the parent, guardian, or foster parent shall be ordered to participate in those services, unless participation by the parent, guardian, or foster parent is deemed by the court to be inappropriate or potentially detrimental to the child.”, 18California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 730 provides:  “(a) When a minor is adjudged a ward of the court on the ground that he or she is a person described by Section 602, the court may order any of the types of treatment referred to in Section 727, and as an additional alternative, may commit the minor to a juvenile home, ranch, camp, or forestry camp. Often we can help you get charges reduced or dismissed, and avoid jail and a criminal record. Cal. Cal. Juveniles 16 and up alleged to have committed a Section 707(b) offense may be subject to a “transfer hearing,” where the judge decides whether the minor should be transferred to adult court based on: Juveniles under 16 do not get tried in adult court. Post-dispositional phase, Cal. If you need an interpreter, ask the court for one before the hearing date. Less than one percent of youth offenders are committed to CYA. & Inst.

At each stage the prosecutor and defense attorney may reach a resolution and go straight to disposition. Being arrested for a crime does not necessarily mean you will be convicted. If your child is put on probation, the probation officer will enforce the court’s orders. Police officer mistakes, faulty breathalyzers and crime lab errors may get your charges reduced or dismissed. Permissible sanctions may include any of the following:  (1) Payment of a fine by the minor. To address this central question, this case study focuses on the state of California and … (26) Kidnapping for purposes of sexual assault, as punishable in subdivision (b) of Section 209 of the Penal Code. Understand what is going on in your child’s life so you can support and protect your child when he or she returns home. Code § 634.6. There are a number of different “dispositions” (sentences) available in juvenile court. If the probation officer determines that the minor has not involved himself or herself in the specific programs within 60 days, the probation officer shall immediately file a petition or request that a petition be filed by the prosecuting attorney. In California, youth in delinquency proceedings have the right to counsel at every stage of the proceedings, and the counsel remains the same unless relieved by the court. These are often promulgated at the state level, but may also be passed at the local court level instead of, or in addition to, statewide rules. (18) A felony offense in which the minor personally used a weapon described in any provision listed in Section 16590 of the Penal Code. Kids in the juvenile court justice system are supposed to get the education, treatment and services they need to move past their crimes, reunite with their families and become productive citizens. making kids attend “school” while locked in cages. We can provide a free consultation in office or by phone. Provisions for the detention of juveniles are found in Cal. 2 California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 725.5, 3 California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 725, 4 California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 741, 5 California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 702, 6 California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 782. (4) The minor’s record does not indicate that probation has ever been revoked without being completed.

The Los Angeles County Probation Department is currently in settlement negotiations over alleged deficient educational services provided to the children housed at the county’s largest camp, the Challenger Memorial Youth Center in Lancaster. The Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) considers the health and See, e.g., Sonoma Cty. The placement shall be limited to a maximum of 90 days. Once you receive the petition, you will also receive a notice that tells you about first hearing, called a “detention hearing.”.

The primary role of the Juvenile Court is to ensure public safety and to protect each youth under its jurisdiction. Welf.

Because there is no bail in the juvenile court process, it … If your child has a run-in with the law, we might be able to help. Staff cases are tracked here, by facility, DJJ is following medical isolation and quarantine protocols in accordance with. I Got Into a Fight With an Off-Duty Cop Working Security. '”), 10California Welfare & Institutions Code Section 707(b) provides: “Subdivision (c) shall be applicable in any case in which a minor is alleged to be a person described in Section 602 by reason of the violation of one of the following offenses:  (1) Murder. The U.S. Constitution and Supreme Court case law are also sources of due process rights beyond local and state statutes and provisions. What is a juvenile court disposition hearing?
& Inst. & Inst. However, when in the judgment of the probation officer the interest of the minor and the community can be protected, the probation officer shall make a diligent effort to proceed under this section.

(b) Minors under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court who are in need of protective services shall receive care, treatment, and guidance consistent with their best interest and the best interest of the public. If the minor is in custody…for example at Los Padrinos Juvenile Hall & Court or Barry Nidorf/Sylmar Juvenile Hall & Court…then the sentencing hearing must take place within 10 court days of trial.5. Unfortunately, a juvenile adjudication can follow a child into the future. (c) The juvenile court may direct any and all reasonable orders to the parents and guardians of the minor who is the subject of any proceedings under this chapter as the court deems necessary and proper to carry out subdivisions (a) and (b), including orders to appear before a county financial evaluation officer and orders directing the parents or guardians to ensure the minor’s regular school attendance and to make reasonable efforts to obtain appropriate educational services necessary to meet the needs of the minor. Cal. Additionally, $100 million in lease revenue bonds will be made available to counties for costs related to the construction or enhancement of ‘local youthful offender rehabilitative facilities. In a highly-publicized 2003 lawsuit called Farrell v. Allen, the state was sued for deplorable conditions at the California Youth Authority, including: In 2004, CYA entered into a consent decree agreeing to remedy the abuses. Sanctions are not designed for retribution, 1.3. Please see our related article Transfer Hearings in California for a more in-depth explanation of that subject. Our California Juvenile Criminal Defense Attorneys represent minors in disposition (sentencing) hearings throughout California. Juvenile indigent defense attorneys are paid by the local county. DJJ values visitation as an essential part of rehabilitation, but at this time the Division must make difficult decisions in order to protect the health and wellness of all who live in, work in, and visit our facilities. This is referred to as the disposition hearing.


perpetuating a culture riddled with extreme, often gang-related violence. As we describe in our related article The Juvenile Court Process in California, the process consists of several different hearings, including: The law provides timelines and procedures for when and how each of these hearings takes place.

Because of the confidentiality of Juvenile Court records, specific case information may not be disclosed over the phone. Many counties in California have local rules; these can often be found on the California Courts’ website.