Daman, town, Daman and Diu union territory, western India. Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman is the premier air station of the Coast Guard with all the airfield facilities, air traffic control and other allied air traffic services. In 1535, under a treaty with Sultan Bahādur Shah of Gujarat, the Portuguese built a fort at Diu, an important port on the flourishing commercial and pilgrimage routes between India and the Middle East. In 1987, after Goa became a state of India, the town was designated the capital of the union territory of Daman and Diu. The town, together with numerous villages in the surrounding area, forms an enclave in southeastern Gujarat state and is situated on the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay) of the Arabian Sea.

The greater part of Diu is covered by sand, silt, and marsh; the island portion of the district is separated from the Kathiawar Peninsula by a narrow, swampy creek. Indian Coast GuardAir Station, Daman is the premier air station of the Coast Guard with all the airfield facilities, air traffic control and other allied air traffic services. Damão became a flourishing port, but its importance waned with the decline of Portuguese sea power. The town, together with numerous villages in the surrounding area, forms an enclave in southeastern Gujarat state and is situated on the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay) of the Arabian Sea. Pop. Updates? Renowned for its docks and shipbuilding yards, Daman (known in Portuguese as Damão) was conquered by the Portuguese in 1559. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Annual rainfall, received mainly between June and September, averages about 80 inches (2,000 mm). Rice is the main crop of the region, but wheat has been introduced. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Institute of our lady of Fatima, Convent, Moti Daman, swami vivekanad English & Hindi medium school, dalwada, daman, Sunrise Champs school, Mashal Chowk, Nani Daman, Vaidik Dental college campus, Salwaar, Nani Daman, Divya Jyoti English High & Higher Secondary School, Dabhel, Daman, Divya Jyoti Hindi Medium School, Dabhel, Daman, MGM High School, Nani-Daman (Sarvajanik High School), Government Higher Secondary School, Nani Daman, Government Higher Secondary School, Moti Daman, Shree Machchi Mahajan English Medium School, Nani Daman, Stella Maris English Medium High School, Daman, Government Primary School, Devka Mangelwad, Nani Daman, Holy Trinity English medium high school, Dunetha, Daman, This page was last edited on 22 September 2020, at 13:44. Ghol, a dried fish product used in making isinglass (a type of mica), is exported to Europe. (2011) 242,911.

With milder mornings and lower humidity especially up to the middle of March, this is by far the most comfortable time of the year. Area 43 square miles (112 square km).

The administrative districts of Daman and Diu together constitute a centrally governed union territory. It is equipped with state-of-the-art airport surveillance radar (ASR), precision approach path indicator (PAPI), Doppler very high frequency omnidirectional radio range (DVOR) – distance measuring equipment (DME) and nondirectional beacon (NDB), as navigational aids. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Daman Ganga River divides Daman into two parts — Nani-Daman (nani meaning "small") and Moti-Daman (Moti meaning "big"). Mean daily maximum temperatures range from the mid-80s F (near 30 °C) in January to the low 90s F (about 34 °C) in May. Of these communities the Dubla, Dhodia, and Varli are the largest groups. Today the majority of the municipal government offices are inside the fort. The territory is headed by an administrator, the governor of Goa, who is appointed by the central Indian government. Agriculture and fishing dominate the economies of Daman and Diu. The people of Daman and Diu are predominantly Hindu, with small Muslim and Christian minorities. [2] Soon after, it was settled as a Portuguese colony which lasted for over 400 years. Rice, ragi (also called finger millet), pulses (legumes), and beans are among the main crops of Daman. Daman lies on an alluvial coastal plain, although outcrops of basalt create low plateaus and promontories in the area. Both Daman and Diu were subject to the governor-general of Goa as part of the Portuguese overseas province Estado da India (State of India). The monsoon season, though relatively short, is extremely wet. Daman and Diu, union territory of India, comprising two widely separated districts on the country’s western coast. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.

This air station provides ATC and parking facilities to defence as well as civil aircraft. It is a municipal council situated in Daman district of the union territory. (2001) 35,770; (2011) 44,282. Corrections? Daman is an enclave on the state of Gujarat ’s southern coast, situated 100 miles (160 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay). It is equipped with state-of-the-art airport surveillance radar (ASR), precision approach path indicator (PAPI), Doppler very high frequency omnidirectional radio range (DVOR) – distance measuring equipment (DME) and nondirectional beacon (NDB), as navigational aids. The surrounding area is traversed by the Damanganga River.

Research Associate, Center for South Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley.

[4], According to the 2011 census Daman District, India has a population of 191,173. It is built with white marble. The town was sacked and burned by the Portuguese in 1531. Less than one-tenth of the territory’s population consists of Scheduled Tribes (indigenous minority peoples who are not embraced by India’s caste hierarchy). Along with the very high humidity and heavy rain every afternoon, travel is difficult and uncomfortable. Daman, formerly (Portuguese) Damão, town, Daman and Diu union territory, western India. Diu encompasses an island off the southern coast of Gujarat’s Kathiawar Peninsula, 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Veraval, as well as a small area on the mainland. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Temperatures in Diu are similar to those in Daman, though rainfall is significantly less, averaging less than 25 inches (600 mm) annually. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Vapi, Gujarat is the nearest city to Daman. Diu encompasses an island off the southern coast of Gujarat’s Kathiawar Peninsula, 40 miles (64 km) southeast of Veraval, as well as a small area on the mainland. This article was most recently revised and updated by. [5] Daman has a sex ratio of 533 females for every 1,000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 88.06%.[5]. The largest towns of the territory—Diu and Daman—are commercial centres. Pop. [5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 69.256%. The town of Daman, in the Daman district, is the capital of the territory. Known as Damão, the town was part of Portuguese India. Daman was incorporated into the Republic of India in December 1961 after a battle between the Portuguese and the Indians.

In Diu, crops such as bajra (pearl millet) and wheat flourish in the arid climate; a smaller portion of land is cultivated in Diu than in Daman, however. Daman (/dəˈmɑːn/) is the capital city of the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Daman is an enclave on the state of Gujarat’s southern coast, situated 100 miles (160 km) north of Mumbai (Bombay). This holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas. Omissions? Author of.

Daman has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with two distinct seasons: a long sunny dry season from October to May and a hot, very humid and extremely wet monsoon season from June to September. Portuguese fort on the northern coast of Diu. The walls have glass cover with 18th century murals that represent the life of Mahavir Swami. A larger fort was built in Moti Daman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. Jain Temple: This 18th century Jain temple is in the northern region of Nani Daman Fort and is dedicated to Mahavir Swami. Much of the industrial growth of the territory has been promoted through the efforts of the government of the neighbouring state of Goa. [5][6] This gives it a ranking of 592nd in India (out of a total of 640). Daman and Diu survived as outposts of Portuguese overseas territory until 1961, when they became part of India. By the mid-1550s all Gujarati ships entering and leaving the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay) ports were required to call at Diu to pay Portuguese duties. Almost no rain falls during the dry season. The Daman Ganga River flows through the territory, with Daman town situated where the river enters the Arabian Sea. Daman has a dairy and some light industry.

Omissions? [9], City in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, India, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.nrigujarati.co.in/tourism/174/Religious-Places/jain-temple-daman.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Daman,_India&oldid=979735473, Cities and towns in Daman district, India, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles with style issues from March 2017, Articles needing additional references from July 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Known as Damão, the town was part of Portuguese India. The battle left four Indians dead and 14 wounded;[3] Portuguese casualties were 10 dead and two wounded. The Portuguese acquired Daman and Diu as part of their grand design to control the trade of the Indian Ocean. In Diu the Portuguese constructed a Jesuit college, which was converted into the majestic Cathedral of Sé Matriz about the turn of the 17th century; the cathedral remains a landmark today. The name Daman is probably derived from the Daman Ganga River, while Diu is from the Sanskrit word dvipa, meaning “island.” From Mauryan times (4th–2nd century bce), both were subject to various local and regional powers ruling in western India. In the 13th century Daman formed part of the Ramnagar state, which then became a tributary of the Gujarat sultans. The Portuguese Diogo de Melo arrived at the spot by chance in 1523, when heading towards Ormuz. Gujarati is the main language in both districts.

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