By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on June 7 2018 in Society. The Fulani are a nomadic tribe in Cameroon which forms about 14% of the total population. Adherents of animist or traditional religions account for a small percentage of believers.

After World War II the country came under a United Nations trusteeship and self-government was granted. Tourist Attractions:Seat of the political capital of the country. In the southern jungles are the various Bantu-speaking ethnic groups roughly categorized as Tropical Forest Groups. Drainage. The Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon.

Well, there are actually several ways to answer this. Mount Cameroon, which is 4,070 m highand has vegetation which dates back to the Quaternary period and has been accepted for international mounting-climbing events. The taking into account of environmental concerns in tourism development projects in Cameroon has led to the classification and protection of natural sites for scientific and ecological reasons. The Fulani were once nomadic cattle ranchers, but now the vast majority live in settled communities as farmers or merchants.

DOUALA, which is the major economic city, has more than two million inhabitants. Besides the national parks wherein hunting is prohibited, there are 14 hunting zones in the northern part of the country with more than 500 km of motorable roads. A wide variety of fishes can is also to be found in the many rivers which can be found throughout the country. The entry point into the country for most visitors and harbours a lot of historic monuments. Anyone can earn French and English are the official languages, which are spoken by 70% and 30% of the population respectively. Cameroon has more than 240 tribes which are found in three main ethnic groups; Bantus, Semi-Bantus and Sudanese. Many slaves from the coastal regions of Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea ended up in Maryland, Virginia and South Carolina. About 38% of Cameroonians fall into this broad ethnic category, with the largest specific ethnic groups being the Bamileke and Bamoun. The less populous Bamum tend to be Muslim and have a more centralized social structure under a high king. - History, Reliability & Accuracy, Integrating the Five Language Domains to Promote Literacy, Plant Cell Mitochondria: Structure & Role, Hematologic Malignancies & Solid Tumors: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment, Quiz & Worksheet - Domestic vs. International Law, Quiz & Worksheet - Dramatic Arts & Ancient Rome, Quiz & Worksheet - Proportional Relationships, Quiz & Worksheet - Physics in Space & Science Technology, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Expert Advice on Bullying for Teachers | Bullying Prevention in Schools, Basic Genetics for Teachers: Professional Development, UExcel Research Methods in Psychology: Study Guide & Test Prep, The Reformation Across Europe: Homework Help, Quiz & Worksheet - 3 Aspects of Organizational Development Theory, Quiz & Worksheet - Characteristics of Earthquakes, Quiz & Worksheet - Causes & Effects of Tides. The oval houses of the Massa people in the north are unique in design in the world.The historical artefacts that abound in Cameroon are a testimony of the creative nature of the people, while the monuments and other vestiges of past events attest to the colonial history of the country. All rights reserved. Since they are a Bantu community, their primary activities revolve around agriculture, an activity which is mainly handled by women. Besides the shooting season which is practised in the northern part of the country from November to May, all other tourist activities can be undertaken throughout the whole year. These tribes’ origins are not known, but it appears that in the 17th century, they moved south into Cameroon in a series of migrations to avoid enslavement—and, in some cases, forced conversion to Islam—by the Fulani peoples. Straddling West and Central Africa, Cameroon is alive with the traditions and customs of more than two hundred and fifty different ethnic groups, a cultural mix that is at once enchanting and more than a little magical.

Languages spoken by the Bamileke include variants of Ghomala, Fe’fe, Yemba, Medumba, and Kwa. Do more with Bing Maps. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

About 14% of the nation's total population are Muslim, and nearly all of them live in the northern deserts.

Being a dynamic and entrepreneurial community, the Bamileke can be found in almost all parts of Cameroon and some parts of the world.

credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Women of the Koma tribe at Cameroon - Documentary Films. The major cities of Yaoundé and Douala, with infrastructure of international standing (conference centres, international airports, hotels etc), are the main centres of conference and business tourism. Cameroon has an extremely heterogeneous population, consisting of approximately 250 ethnic groups. Quiz & Worksheet - What are the Types of Nucleic Acids? While the Congo takes its name from the old African kingdom of Kongo, Cameroon gets its name from the first Europeans to arrive in the area in 1472. The largest ethic group of these are the Fulani, who alone make up about 10% of Cameroon's population. The rainfall in this area is also very high, especially at Debuncha on the West Coast. Apart from national parks where hunting is prohibited, the northern region of Cameroon has 14 game areas with over 500 km of tracks suitable for motor vehicles. These ethnic groups mainly fall under the Bantu, Semitic, and Nilotic language groups. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams.

The Germans exploited them for slave labour, road construction and as sexual prisoners leading to a series of conflict. There are three main linguistic groups: the Bantu-speaking peoples of the south, the Sudanic-speaking peoples of the north, and those who speak the Semi-Bantu languages, situated mainly in the west. The Bantu peoples began migrating from Cameroon in about 1000 B.C. Discover more about your ethnicity with AncestryDNA. Cameroon Highlanders constitute the plurality at 38 percent of the total population. This large group is made up of various ethnic populations mainly located in the northwestern highlands of the nation, which has some very fertile agricultural soils. This illustrates an interesting dilemma in Cameroon, the great diversity can be at times difficult to reconcile. The Beti-Pahuin served as middlemen during the European trade. The country is often referred to as "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity. Regional Capital: EbolowaPopulation: 514 336 inhabitantsSurface area: 47 191 km2Number of Divisions: 4Density: 10.9 inhabitants/km2. That's a high amount of diversity, and no single group holds a vast majority. During the colonial era, German was the official language; it was later replaced by English and French, which have retained their official status. People in this DNA ethnicity group may identify as: Cameroonian, Gabonese, Congolese, DR Congolese (from the Democratic Republic of Congo). Obviously, we won't have time to talk about all of them, but we can group them into larger categories. Cameron is not a popular baby name in Cameroon, which is really a shame. The Fulani came from the Niger basin in two waves, in the 11th and 19th centuries; they were Muslims who converted and subjugated the peoples of the Logone valley and the Kébi and Faro river valleys. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_Cameroon&oldid=969831304, Articles needing additional references from June 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 17:09. They make up about 30% of the population, are largely Christian, and many still practice nomadic hunter-gathering traditions in the dense jungles. Regional capital: BueaPopulation: 1 153 125 inhabitantsSurface area: 25 410 km2Number of Divisions: 6Density: 45.38 inhabitants/km2. Cameroon - Cameroon - People: The country has been described as an “ethnic crossroads” because of its more than 200 different ethnic groups. Cameroon is a country with several major towns, amongst which are YAOUNDE, the political capital of the country with about one million inhabitants. Get access risk-free for 30 days, So, if the Cameroon aren't Camerons, who are they? Regional capital: GarouaPopulation: 1 145 038 inhabitantsSurface area: 66 090 km2Number of Divisions 4Density: 17.33 inhabitants/km2. Cameroon has an extremely heterogeneous population, consisting of approximately 250 ethnic groups. Cameroon’s west and northwest provinces are the country’s most densely populated regions. Regional capital: BafoussamPopulation: 1 843 518 inhabitantsSurface area: 13 892 km2Number of Divisions: 8Density: 132.7 inhabitants/km2. Cameroon has more than 240 tribes which are found in three main ethnic groups; Bantus, Semi-Bantus and Sudanese. So many interesting natural sites such as the caves of Akok-Bekoe, monuments of colonial figures such as Charles Atangana, the Chief of the Ewondos, and the forest reserve of Ottomo (Ngoumou). just create an account.

Besides the Grasslands tribes, a smaller number of people live in the southern and central regions of Cameroon and in Congo-Brazzaville (Republic of Congo) and Congo-Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo). {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons They have been hunters and gatherers for thousands of years, although their numbers have consistently diminished with the decline of the forests in which they dwell. Okay, so how do we begin to talk about 250 ethnic groups? The country has been described as an “ethnic crossroads” because of its more than 200 different ethnic groups. These tribes’ origins are not known, but it appears that in the 17th century, they moved south into Cameroon in a series of migrations to avoid enslavement—and, in some cases, forced conversion to Islam—by the Fulani peoples. Send in your kit with a small saliva sample. A list of the top 100 baby names in the African nation of Cameroon reveals the diversity of the nation, including its many years spent as a … They were often worn in ceremonies and given to warriors and people who helped enrich the royal treasury. In north-central Cameroon, a high range of rugged mountains stretches across the country from west to east. The number of national languages spoken in the country is more than 240. Regional capital: DoualaPopulation: 1 861 463 inhabitantsSurface area: 20 248 km2Number of Divisions: 4Density: 91.93 inhabitants/km2. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Opening Education in Central Africa: Jacques Murinda Introduces OLE Rwanda, The African Virtual University Is Training Teachers Across Africa, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Central Sterile Processing Classes and Courses Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Schools for Aspiring Central Sterile Processing Technicians, Dr. Bakary Diallo of the African Virtual University on Improving Education Accessibility in Africa, Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, How to Become a Medical Billing & Coding Clerk: Courses, Training & Certification, Top University with a Degree in International Business - Honolulu, HI, Top University in Fort Lauderdale with a Criminal Justice Degree, Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles CA, Online Courses and Classes in Facilities Management, Online Basic EMT EMT-B Certification Program Overview, NY Regents Exam - US History and Government: Test Prep & Practice, NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Test Prep & Practice, Praxis Social Studies - Content Knowledge (5081): Study Guide & Practice, High School World History: Tutoring Solution, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, AP European History: Homework Help Resource, What is a Convex Polygon?

All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Of course, the actual nation is much more complex, so if you're really interested you'll just have to go and check it out for yourself. Among the members of Kirdi are Bata, Fata, Mada, Mara, and Toupori. Although the Cameroon/Congo region is incredibly diverse, with more than 200 different ethnic groups, our genetic profile for the region is primarily represented by samples from the Cameroon Grasslands, where the largest populations are subgroups of the Bamileke and Bamum peoples. Ethnic Groups Of Cameroon The Bamileke. The coastal tropical forest peoples, including the Bassa, Douala, and many smaller entities account for about 12 percent of the population. Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a country in the west Central Africa region. Some went east across Africa and then south; some settled the Congo River Basin; and some went south along the coast to Angola. Cameroon’s west and northwest provinces are the country’s most densely populated regions. The Semi-Bantu groups mainly consist of small ethnic entities, except for the Bantu-related Bamileke, who live between the lower slopes of the Adamawa Plateau and Mount Cameroon.