military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Apart from its lack of positive success, the U-boat arm was continuously harried by Great Britain’s extensive antisubmarine measures, which included nets, specially armed merchant ships, hydrophones for locating the noise of a submarine’s engines, and depth bombs for destroying it underwater. Theatre definitions:

Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland.

Following a new U.S. protest, the Germans undertook to ensure the safety of passengers before sinking liners henceforth; but only after the torpedoing of yet another liner, the Hesperia, did Germany, on September 18, decide to suspend its submarine campaign in the English Channel and west of the British Isles, for fear of provoking the United States further. Bona and Philippeville google_ad_width = 468; The Germans could thus threaten not only merchant shipping on the British trade routes but also troopships on their way to Europe or the Middle East from India, New Zealand, or Australia. The crushing … Theatre definitions: Western Front comprises the Franco-German-Belgian front and any military action in Great Britain, Switzerland, Scandinavia and Holland. Neither of them at first wanted a direct confrontation: the British were chiefly concerned with the protection of their trade routes; the Germans hoped that mines and submarine attacks would gradually destroy Great Britain’s numerical superiority, so that confrontation could eventually take place on equal terms. On November 1, in the Battle of Coronel, it inflicted a sensational defeat on a British force, under Sir Christopher Cradock, which had sailed from the Atlantic to hunt it down: without losing a single ship, it sank Cradock’s two major cruisers, Cradock himself being killed. Much more serious was an action that confirmed the inability of the German command to perceive that a minor tactical success could constitute a strategic blunder of the most extreme magnitude. Forces and resources of the combatant nations in 1914, Rival strategies and the Dardanelles campaign, 1915–16, Serbia and the Salonika expedition, 1915–17, German strategy and the submarine war, 1916–January 1917, Peace moves and U.S. policy to February 1917, The Russian revolutions and the Eastern Front, March 1917–March 1918, The last offensives and the Allies’ victory, Eastern Europe and the Russian periphery, March–November 1918.

German torpedo boats assembled at port during World War I. , Saturday, 22 August, 2009

Violates Belgium at Gemmenich, early morning; burns Vise and attacks Liege. Dardanelles. The loss of the liner and so many of its passengers, including the Americans, aroused a wave of indignation in the United States, and it was fully expected that a declaration of war might follow. 106 years, 2 months and 20 days The hardening of their outlook began in February 1915, when the Norwegian steamship Belridge, carrying oil from New Orleans to Amsterdam, was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel. Eastern Front … The German civilian statesmen had temporarily prevailed over the naval high command, which advocated “unrestricted” submarine warfare. Star Sign: Leo, France and Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI, Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI, Jack Delano [Jacob Ovcharov], Russian-born American composer and photographer, born in Voroshilovka, Russian Empire (d. 1997). comprises political and internal events in all countries, including Notes, On December 15 battle cruisers of the German High Seas Fleet set off on a sortie across the North Sea, under the command of Admiral Franz von Hipper: they bombarded several British towns and then made their way home safely. Berlin against German violation of Belgian treaty. What happened on August 1, 1914. In 1915, however, with their surface commerce raiders eliminated from the conflict, they were forced to rely entirely on the submarine. Great Britain protests in speeches, diplomatic, financial, economic and domestic matters. Austro-Romanian fronts. E. Goschen telling him that unless satisfactory German assurances re:

("scrap of paper") with Chancellor in evening: British ultimatum and state This was the sinking by a German submarine on May 7, 1915, of the British liner Lusitania, which was on its way from New York to Liverpool: though the ship was in fact carrying 173 tons of ammunition, it had nearly 2,000 civilian passengers, and the 1,198 people who were drowned included 128 U.S. citizens.

invade Belgian territory, and she must take measures of defence. Naval and Overseas Operations comprises operations on the seas Certainly the neutrals were far from happy with the British blockade, but the German declaration of the war zone and subsequent events turned them progressively away from their attitude of sympathy for Germany. command of British Fleet. In the whole of March 1915, during which 6,000 sailings were recorded, only 21 ships were sunk, and in April only 23 ships from a similar number.